Notes


Note for:   Olaf I "Trætelia" (Tratalja) (the Woodcutter) Norse 12 Ingjaldsson,   (567) - 640         Index
Individual note:   Olaf "the Woodcutter" Ingjaldsson, (the tree-hewer, or Tree-Feller).
roi de Suède 620-630, King of Vermeland Varmland (Norway) 640, puis devient roi de Vestfold (Norvège) 630-685.
b. ca. 567 in Sweden, (vers 690 Uppsala, Norvège - Varmland, Suède)

He was raised (fostered) by Bove in West Gotland along with Bove's son, Saxe.
When Ingjald died Olaf succeeded him, but the Swedes, who had suffered under his unpopular father, drove him and his people out of Sweden.
When Olaf, King Ingjald's son, heard of his father's end, he went with the men who chose to follow him to Nerike; for all the Swedish community rose with one accord to drive out Ingjald's family and all his friends.
Because of his father Ingjald's, evil deeds, Olaf was forced to leave Sweden and went west to the Klar River in Norway.
Now, when the Swedes got intelligence of him he could not remain there, but went on westwards, through the forest, to a river which comes from the north and falls into the Venner lake, and is called Klar river.
He began clearing the forest and soon created several large districts, together called Vermeland.
The Swedes heard about Olaf's activities and laughed, calling him "tree-feller" or "Woodcutter".

There were a great many people who fled the country from Sweden, on account of King Ivar; and when they heard that King Olaf had got good lands in Vermeland, so great a number came there to him that the land could not support them. Then there came dear times and famine, which they ascribed to their king; as the Swedes used always to reckon good or bad crops for or against their kings.
Later during his reign the crops failed. Some of the people held that the king was personally responsible for the fertility of the land by keeping up the sacrifices.
Olaf was known to have been sparing in this duty, and people surrounded his house at Venner Lake
The Swedes took it amiss that Olaf was sparing in his sacrifices, and believed the dear times must proceed from this cause.
The Swedes therefore gathered together troops, made an expedition against King Olaf,
surrounded his house and burnt him in it and burned it down with him inside, "giving him to Odin as a sacrifice for good crops."


???? Ivar Vidfadme subdued all of Sweden and Denmark, much of Saxland, all the East country and one fifth of England.



Notes


Note for:   Asa Hardrade Norse 13b Eysteinsdatter Oysteinsdotter,   (620) -          Index
Individual note:   Asa Eysteinsdatter = Oysteinsdotter, b. ca. 620 in , Norway



Notes


Note for:   Hild Hilda Ericsdotter Norse 14b Eiriksdottir ,   (690) -          Index
Individual note:   Hild Ericsdotter
Autre date : née vers 730 ?
Her father, Eric, had no son and died while King Halfdan Olafsson was alive, so Halfdan and Eystein took possession of Vestfold and Eystein married Hilda (Eric's daughter).


épousa Oystein 1er de Vestfold, roi de Romerick (vers 735 - vers 750)
- Halvdan II Oysteinsson le Débonnaire de Vestfold, (vers 755 - vers 802)
- Geva de Vestfold (vers 760 - ?) (Gen. (75))



Notes


Note for:   Gudrod Norse 14C Halfdansson,    -          Index
Individual note:   King Gudrod de Vestfold (vers 745 - ?)



Notes


Note for:   Solva (Solveig) Norse 12b Halfdansdotter Solor,   (610) -          Index
Individual note:   Solva (Solveig) Halfdansdotter, b. ca. 610

"Solveig" Halvdansdatter de Solor

daughter of Halfdan Guldtand Solfasson, westward in Soleyar.
Halfdan was a son of Solve Solvarson, who was a son of Solve the Old, who first settled on these islands.



Notes


Note for:   Ingjald "Illrada" (the Wicked - Evil-Adviser) Norse 11 Onundsson,   (544) - (623)         Index
Individual note:   Ingjald "Illrada (the Wicked)" Onundsson, King of Sweden, roi de Suède 565-620
Autre date: roi de Uppland de Varmland, ( 665 - ?)

Ingjald, roi de Uppland de Varmland, ( 665 - ?) épousa Gauthild de Gautland (vers 670 - ?)
- Olav 1er, roi de Vestfold de Varmland, (v. 690 - ?)
- Eirik, roi de Vestfold (vers 700 - 737)

Ingjald the Evil-Adviser, 9th century? Ingjald was the son of the high king, Onund. He was fostered by the regional king Svipdag the Blind of Upsal. Ingjald succeeded as high king when his father died in a landslide.

When Ingjald was a boy of about six years old, he engaged in warplay with Alf, son of King Yngvar of Fjadryndaland district. Ingjald was not as strong as Alf, which was made known to his foster father, Svipdag, by Svipdag's son, Gautvid. The next day Svipdag gave Ingjald a roasted wolf heart to eat. Ingjald became a most ferocious person and of the worst disposition.

After becoming king, Ingjald invited seven district kings to his heirship feast along with their earls and other men of consequence; only Granmar did not attend. After the feast and Ingjald had vowed to increase his domains by one half toward the four corners of the earth, Ingjald had Svipdags's sons, Gautvid and Hylvid, set fire to the feasting hall and kill any who tried to escape. Ingjald took for himself the lands those kings had possessed and appointed new district kings over them. This was the first time since Odin divided the land among his high priests that Sweden was, for the most part, united.

"He was famous "as a most ferocious person, and of the worst disposition." On ascending the throne he built a large banqueting hall and invited all his tributary kings to a feast. All came as invited except King Granmar of Sodermanland. During the feast Ingjald left the building and had it set on fire, killing everyone inside (including his father-in-law), except his two foster brothers and their troops, whom he had warned to leave with him, and he then took sole possession of their lands in Norway and Sweden."

Svipdag "the blind" and his sons died in a war with Kings Granmar, Hjorvard and Hogne. Ingjald and his men were forced to retreat after the district kings had deserted them. Later a treaty was made between Ingjald and the three kings which was supposed to last as long as they lived. The following spring Ingjald burned Kings Granmar and Hjorvard in their house at a feast on Sile Island.

----------------------------------------------

42. WAR BETWEEN INGJALD AND GRANMAR AND HJORVARD.

The same autumn King Ingjald collected a war-force, with which he intended to fall upon Granmar and Hjorvard; but when they heard it they also collected a force, and Hogne, who ruled over East Gotland, together with his son Hildur, came to their assistance. Hogne was father of Hilda, who was married to King Granmar. King Ingjald landed with his army, which was by far the most numerous. A battle began, which was very sharp; but after it had lasted a short time, the chiefs who ruled over Fjadryndaland, West Gotland, Nerike, and Aattundaland, took to flight with all the men from those countries, and hastened to their ships. This placed King Ingjald in great danger, and he received many wounds, but escaped by flight to his ships. Svipdag the Blind, Ingjald's foster-father, together with his sons, Gautvid and Hylvid, fell. Ingjald returned to Upsal, very ill-satisfied with his expedition; and he thought the army levied from those countries he had acquired by conquest had been unfaithful to him. There was great hostility afterwards between King Ingjald and King Granmar, and his son-in-law King Hjorvard; and after this had continued a long time the friends of both parties brought about a reconciliation. The king appointed a meeting, and concluded a peace. This peace was to endure as long as the three kings lived, and this was confirmed by oath and promises of fidelity. The spring after, King Granmar went to Upsal to make offering, as usual, for a steady peace. Then the foreboding turned out for him so that it did not promise him long life, and he returned to his dominions.

43. DEATH OF THE KINGS GRANMAR AND HJORVARD.

The autumn after, King Granmar and his son-in-law Hjorvard went to a feast at one of their farms in the island Sile. When they were at the entertainment, King Ingjald came there in the night with his troops, surrounded the house, and burnt them in it, with all their men. Then he took to himself all the country these kings had possessed, and placed chiefs over it. King Hogne and his son Hildur often made inroads on horseback into the Swedish dominions, and killed King Ingjald's men, whom he had placed over the kingdom which had belonged to their relation Granmar. This strife between King Ingjald and King Hogne continued for a long time; but King Hogne defended his kingdom against King Ingjald to his dying day. King Ingjald had two children by his wife -- the eldest called Aasa, the other Olaf. Gauthild, the wife of Ingjald, sent the boy to his foster-father Bove, in West Gotland, where he was brought up along with Saxe, Bove's son, who had the surname of Flette. It was a common saying that King Ingjald had killed twelve kings, and deceived them all under pretence of peace; therefore he was called Ingjald the Evil-adviser. He was king over the greater part of Sweden. He married his daughter Aasa to Gudrod king of Scania

44. OF INGJALD'S DEATH.

Ivar Vidfavne came to Scania after the fall of his uncle Gudrod, and collected an army in all haste, and moved with it into Sweden. Aasa had gone to her father before. King Ingjald was at a feast in Raening, when he heard that King Ivar's army was in the neighbourhood. Ingjald thought he had not strength to go into battle against Ivar, and he saw well that if he betook himself to flight his enemies would swarm around him from all corners. He and Aasa took a resolution which has become celebrated. They drank until all their people were dead drunk, and then put fire to the hall; and it was consumed, with all who were in it, including themselves, King Ingjald, and Aasa.